Arctic Ocean facts
Do you really know that The name of the Arctic Ocean drives from the Greek word Arktos, which means bear.
Arctic Ocean is marked as the fifth largest ocean in the world or we can say one of the smallest ocean in the world.
It covers approximately 3% of the surface area of earth.
Since most of the ocean parts are covered by ice, so the thickness of the ice on arctic is dependent on the season or climates.
It’s really amazing to know that the Arctic Ocean is around 14,056,000 square km, and the coastline of the ocean extends for 45,390 km.
here are the Top 10 Most Important Facts About the Arctic Ocean
1–Circular Basin of the Arctic ocean
It’s located in the the northern hemisphere of Arctic north polar region. The Bering Strait connects the Arctic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
It’s really interesting to know that the Arctic Ocean is enclosed completely by the circular basin of the North America continent, Eurasia, Greenland and so many small islands.
The Greenland Sea and the Labrador Sea forms the connection between the Arctic ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
Greenland Sea in arctic ocean
2–The Greatest Depth of the arctic ocean
The greatest depth of the Arctic Ocean recorded, which is around 18,456 feet.
However, the average depth of Arctic Ocean is approximately 1,038 meters or 3,406 feet, which is much lesser and deeper than southern ocean.
The greatest and the deepest point of Arctic Ocean is as the Litke deep with its 5,450 meters or 17,880 feet
deepest point of Arctic Ocean
3–Wildlife of the arctic ocean
It’s really incredible that there are some endangered species of the world who are the inhabit on the Arctic ocean. Some of the rarest and dangerous animals of the Arctic Ocean are the whales, walruses, polar bears and seals.
Arctic Ocean is the home of these rarest animals in the world.
The lion’s mane, jellyfish and the banded gunnel are some of the another rarest species amongst the marine creatures who are inhabiting in and on the Arctic Ocean’s waters.
Polar Bear in the Arctic Region
4–Natural resources in the Arctic ocean
The petroleum and natural gas fields, polymathic nodules and placers deposits are too discovered on the Arctic Ocean. Fishing is the common resources on the Arctic Ocean.
Arctic Ocean is too getting affected its marine ecosystem by the climate changes globally.
Since the climates on the Arctic Ocean is having a fragile ecosystem which is highly recommended not to be inhabitants on it and exploitable to slight disruptions in weather.
Endangered some of the rarest species like the whales and the walruses are too inhabitants of the Arctic Ocean, which are too the most important concern for people who are living there.
There are so many cultural groups of indigenous people who live in the Arctic region, some of them are named like the Inuit, Yupik, Aleut and Saami people as well as Nenets in Russia.
They are still trying to carry or uphold their centuries old traditions of reindeer herding, fishing and hunting.
Since there is not much population on the surface of Arctic Ocean but few groups of scientists and researchers are inhabitants of Arctic Ocean so the main Arctic research stations are located at the coastline of Arctic Ocean and some ports were gotten established for the better living conditions of explorers and researchers.
Some of the biggest ports of Arctic Ocean are Murmansk in Russia, Kirkenes in Norway, Nuuk in Greenland, Churchill in Canada and Barrow of Alaska in USA.
Port Murmansk (Russia) cruise port
7–The First Explorer in the Arctic ocean
Did you know that there were only few people who had explored and gone beyond the Arctic circle in, before 19th century.
The scientist whose name is Fridtiof Nansen from Norwegian, is the first person, who explored amazingly, incredibly and crossed the Arctic Ocean successfully in 1896 on his north pole expedition. Later in 1922, He got awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts and works with refugees during the First World War.
people in the Arctic Ocean
It’s really amazing to know that the arctic ocean has some of the deepest trench, which divides the ocean into different parts and Lomonosov Ridge is the biggest Ridge which divides the Amerasian basin and the Eurasian basin. These trenches have also some other ridges on the Arctic Ocean.
It’s really concerning fact after knowing that Since the Arctic Ocean is being affected its marine ecosystem because of global warming and climate change.
This ocean is like any other ocean of the world having the threats of climate change which is really affecting the marine ecosystem of the Arctic Ocean.
The temperature of the Arctic Ocean is around -2 degrees Celsius which is constantly same all around the year.
It’s really interesting to know that the Arctic Ocean’s climate conditions are totally and completely dependent on the weather seasons. When the sky is constantly cloudy over the Arctic ocean then Winter will be long and it’ll be from September to May.
Do you believe that because of the global warming, which is leading to increase in temperature, the Arctic Ocean ice is decreasing constantly and because of this climate changes more and more ice packs of Arctic ocean’s iceberg are getting melted during the summer seasons and thus less water is freezing in winter season which is not letting water to form in iceberg.
It’s been researched and found that the Arctic Ocean is gonna be ice free ocean in the world by 2040, which will lead to load the hugest and the largest volumes of melted water, and affect the marine life of Arctic Ocean mostly. These incidents will surely turn into drastically changes in the global climates.
The reason behind this is that the life of plants on the Arctic Ocean is too much scary with the abundant volumes of phytoplankton exceptionally.
The another strange reason is that since the Arctic ocean is located in a polar climate zone which is characterized by frigid year-round temperatures. Because of the longest hours of darkness engulfing the Arctic Ocean in winter and summer which is characterized by continuous daylight.