Happy to know!
Antarctica is considered as the fifth largest continent on earth but unfortunately, It’s melting due to global disasters and global warming. It’s predicted by research that if the western part of Antarctica Ice sheet is melted then the chances of increasing global average sea level by 5 meters which are around 16 feet from.
One of Antarctica’s interesting thing is that it was recorded as the largest iceberg in the world which was really bigger than some island like Jamaica.
the Iceberg B-15 broke up into smaller icebergs and later drifted away into the sea.
Antarctica is uninhabited, it’s considered as the worst condition to live there and marked as no inherent or indigenous population on Antarctica, the one main reason is that its ice-covered landmass.
map of Antarctica
Most cruises to the continent visit the Antarctic Peninsula, which stretches toward South America. It’s known for the Lemaire Channel and Paradise Harbor, striking, iceberg-flanked passageways, and Port Lockroy, a former British research station turned museum. The peninsula’s isolated terrain also shelters rich wildlife, including many penguins.
The ice really holds many secrets to understand the climate on the other planets.
Amazing to understand the Facts
First—: Natural Resources and Wildlife
Antarctica is one of the most extreme environments on earth.
Deep Lake in Antarctica is so salty that it cannot freeze, even in temperatures as low as negative 15 degrees Celsius!
Deep Lake in Antarctica
it’s marked that the Antarctic Ice Sheet is the only single biggest mass of ice in the world and can be up to four miles thick sometimes.
The continent is only as of the source of getting 90% of freshwater ice on the planet and around 70% of the total freshwater on the earth.
Antarctica is, on average, the windiest place on earth. Scientists exploring this southerly landmass have reported wind speeds that have reached up to 200 miles per hour.
Because of the earth’s tilt, the sun does not rise in Antarctica from the vernal equinox to the autumnal equinox, which means the continent remains dark throughout the entire winter season.
Conversely, during the summer months, the sun does not set in Antarctica, which means it actually receives more sunlight than the equator during that time frame.
One of the amazing and interesting facts about Antarctica is that it’s the only continent which doesn’t have Reptiles and Snakes. But Antarctica can’t be left without its Wildlife such as whales, seals, penguins and other birds. Penguins are the most fascinating and amazing birds in the Antarctic.
Penguins are considered as the hardest survivor in the harshest conditions. One method they use to survive the cruel environment is huddling together to escape the wind and conserve warmth.
Individuals take turns moving to the group’s protected center. After the penguin has become relatively warm, it’ll move to the outer perimeter of the group.
There are around seventeen different species of penguins, two of these different species of penguins like the Emperor and the Adélie are the permanent residents on Antarctica.
Emperor penguins are the largest of all penguins. An average bird stands about 45 inches tall. Emperor penguins can dive up to 1,850 feet.
Other penguins, like the macaroni, Gentoo and chinstrap, breed on the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, live in the less harsh conditions.
Second—: Lake Vostok
It was discovered by Russian scientists and also known to be the largest subglacial lake in Antarctica and the third largest lake by volume on earth.
It’s sited 3.5 kilometers under the continent and was covered by ice over 20 million years ago.
Scientists often research Vostok to learn about conditions on Europa known Jupiter’s moon and Enceladus know as Saturn’s moon.
Third—: Pine island glacier
It is unique because it’s the fastest melting glacier. It’s known as an ice stream, and its melt contributes more to rising sea level than any other glacier on the continent.
It’s massive iceberg of 585 square kilometers broke off pine island glacier after melting from inside out.
Pine island glacier
The Fungi in the Antarctic is the most hostile condition to survive on the planet. Even though devoid of trees, wood decay is completed are gorging on the Woden Huts long abandoned by two continent legend Ernest Shackleton and Robert Scott.
Fungi in Antarctic
Fifth—: Highest, Largest
The highest point of Antarctica is considered Vinson Massif which is around 16,362 feet.
Another interesting fact about Antarctica is that it’s the home of the Buried Mountain which is considered as the biggest mountain ranges in the world. The biggest buried name of the mountain is Gamburstev Mountain. It’s located in East Antarctica and stretches out around 1200 kilometers.
buried mountain antarctica
The World’s Southmost active volcano on Ross Island, Antarctica. Volcano started forming about 1.3 million years ago. Snow, rocks, and glacier cover the sides of the mountain. There are so many ice caves contenting thousands of microscopic organisms.
The Ross Ice Shelf is the largest Ice shelves which are floating tongues of ice and it’s measured around 197,000 square miles around 510,680 square kilometers.
Sixth—: Southern ocean
This is the named as world’s fifth ocean by the international hydrographic organization. The ocean surrounded the entire continent of Antarctica and some of the southern portions of the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans.
The southern ocean is double in size as the United States.
It’s the powerful current which helps to a role in driving global ocean circulation.
Seventh —: Huge Sand Dunes
Antarctica is often associated with warmer climates, but Antarctica also has very large dunes.
Antarctica is the largest desert in the world. It’s cold, dry and windy. It’s covered in ice. The largest dunes sand in the Victoria Valley, Researchers are studying to get similar dunes on Mars.
It’s really incredible to know that Around 1% of the Antarctica continent is permanently ice-free, these areas are called Dry valleys or Antarctic oasis.
These areas are considered as the world’s harshest deserts and these are the areas marked and estimated that haven’t seen rain or snow in almost 2 million years.
The Dry Valleys in Antarctica are the driest places on earth. With such low humidity and moisture on this portion of the continent, snow and ice cannot even accumulate, which leaves the valleys as just a dusty expanse of dirt.
Blood falls were emerged from the Taylor Glacier and flow into lake Bonney, and it’s located in the dry valleys. The waterfall is five stories high and gets its creepy blood hue from the trapped lake from which it flows. The falls were first noticed in 1911.
Last but not least there are many things to talk about Antarctica apart from these fascinating and interesting things. Which I’m gonna come up with a lot more in my another blog.